Macular degeneration is usually an age related disease which causes a degeneration of the macular region of the retina, which is central to seeing clearly. Although age related, it is also associated with smoking, excessive sun exposure, poor nutrition, and genetics. An evaluation involves a careful inspection of the macula for evidence of early signs of degeneration and whether there are signs that significant risk of deterioration exists.
Prevention consists of nutritional supplements and avoidance of the risk factors noted above. For those at significant risk, intraocular injections of medication may be required. Such interventions are usually performed by highly esteemed retinal specialists, with whom our practice has had a 30 year relationship.